Product management glosary

Scrum artifact

What is Scrum Artifact?

Scrum artifact refers to the various tangible by-products that are created and maintained throughout the Scrum process. These artifacts help in providing transparency, tracking progress, and ensuring that everyone involved in the project has a clear understanding of the work being done. Scrum artifacts are essential for effective communication and collaboration among the Scrum team members, stakeholders, and other parties involved in the project.

In this article, we will discuss the different types of Scrum artifacts, their purpose, and how they contribute to the overall success of a project.

1. Product Backlog

The Product Backlog is a prioritized list of features, enhancements, bug fixes, and other requirements that need to be addressed in the project. It is the primary source of work for the Scrum team and is maintained by the Product Owner. The Product Backlog is a living document that evolves and changes as the project progresses, with items being added, removed, or reprioritized based on the needs of the project and the stakeholders.

The Product Backlog serves as a single source of truth for the entire team, ensuring that everyone has a clear understanding of what needs to be done and in what order. It also helps the team to focus on delivering the most valuable features first, ensuring that the project delivers maximum value to the stakeholders.

2. Sprint Backlog

The Sprint Backlog is a subset of the Product Backlog that contains the items selected for development during a specific Sprint. It is created during the Sprint Planning meeting and is maintained by the Development Team. The Sprint Backlog contains a list of tasks that need to be completed in order to achieve the Sprint Goal and deliver the selected Product Backlog items.

The Sprint Backlog provides a clear plan of action for the Development Team during the Sprint, helping them to stay focused and organized. It also allows the team to track their progress and make adjustments as needed to ensure that they are on track to meet the Sprint Goal.

3. Increment

The Increment is the sum of all the Product Backlog items completed during a Sprint, combined with the work from previous Sprints. It represents the current state of the product and is a potentially releasable version of the product. The Increment must be in a usable condition and meet the Definition of Done, which is a shared understanding of what it means for work to be complete.

The Increment serves as a measure of progress and provides a tangible demonstration of the work completed during the Sprint. It allows stakeholders to see the results of the team's efforts and provides a basis for feedback and further planning.

4. Sprint Burn-down Chart

The Sprint Burn-down Chart is a visual representation of the work remaining in the Sprint Backlog over time. It tracks the progress of the Development Team during the Sprint and helps to identify any potential issues or impediments that may be affecting the team's ability to complete the work.

The Sprint Burn-down Chart serves as a valuable tool for the Scrum Master and the Development Team to monitor their progress and make adjustments as needed to ensure that they are on track to meet the Sprint Goal. It also provides a clear and transparent view of the team's progress for stakeholders and other interested parties.


Scrum artifacts play a crucial role in the successful implementation of the Scrum framework. They provide transparency, foster collaboration, and ensure that everyone involved in the project has a clear understanding of the work being done. By effectively utilizing these artifacts, Scrum teams can improve their communication, streamline their processes, and ultimately deliver better products to their stakeholders.