Product management glosary

Machine Learning

What is Machine Learning?

Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence (AI) that enables machines to learn from data without being explicitly programmed. It involves the use of algorithms and statistical models to analyze and draw insights from data, and then use those insights to make predictions or decisions.

How does Machine Learning work?

Machine learning algorithms are designed to learn from data and improve their performance over time. The process involves the following steps:

  • Data collection: The first step in machine learning is to collect relevant data that can be used to train the algorithm.
  • Data preparation: The data is then cleaned, transformed, and preprocessed to ensure that it is in a format that can be used by the algorithm.
  • Model training: The algorithm is trained on the prepared data to learn patterns and relationships between the input and output variables.
  • Model evaluation: The performance of the trained model is evaluated using a separate set of data that was not used during training.
  • Model deployment: Once the model has been evaluated and deemed to be accurate, it can be deployed to make predictions or decisions on new data.

Applications of Machine Learning

Machine learning has a wide range of applications across various industries, including:

  • Finance: Machine learning algorithms can be used to detect fraud, predict stock prices, and analyze credit risk.
  • Healthcare: Machine learning can be used to analyze medical images, predict disease outbreaks, and develop personalized treatment plans.
  • Retail: Machine learning can be used to analyze customer behavior, predict demand, and optimize pricing strategies.
  • Manufacturing: Machine learning can be used to optimize production processes, predict equipment failures, and improve quality control.


Machine learning is a powerful tool that has the potential to revolutionize the way we analyze and make decisions based on data. By enabling machines to learn from data, we can automate complex tasks, improve accuracy, and make better predictions. As the field of machine learning continues to evolve, we can expect to see even more applications and innovations in the years to come.