Product management glosary


What is Node.js?

Node.js is an open-source, cross-platform, back-end JavaScript runtime environment that allows developers to build scalable and high-performance applications. It was created by Ryan Dahl in 2009 and has since gained immense popularity among developers worldwide.

How does Node.js work?

Node.js is built on top of the V8 JavaScript engine, which is the same engine used by Google Chrome. It allows developers to write server-side code in JavaScript, which was traditionally used only for client-side scripting. Node.js uses an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model, which makes it highly efficient and scalable.

Node.js applications are built using modules, which are reusable blocks of code that can be easily integrated into the application. These modules can be installed using the Node Package Manager (NPM), which is a command-line tool that comes bundled with Node.js.

What are the benefits of using Node.js?

Node.js has several benefits that make it a popular choice among developers:

  • Scalability: Node.js is highly scalable and can handle a large number of concurrent connections without consuming too much memory or CPU.
  • Speed: Node.js is built on top of the V8 engine, which makes it incredibly fast and efficient.
  • Easy to learn: Since Node.js uses JavaScript, which is a popular language among developers, it is easy to learn and use.
  • Large community: Node.js has a large and active community of developers who contribute to its development and share their knowledge and expertise.

What are some use cases for Node.js?

Node.js can be used for a wide range of applications, including:

  • Real-time applications: Node.js is ideal for building real-time applications such as chat applications, online gaming platforms, and collaboration tools.
  • API development: Node.js is well-suited for building APIs that can handle a large number of requests and provide fast responses.
  • Microservices: Node.js can be used to build microservices, which are small, independent services that work together to form a larger application.
  • Serverless computing: Node.js can be used with serverless computing platforms such as AWS Lambda to build serverless applications.


Node.js is a powerful and versatile back-end JavaScript runtime environment that has gained immense popularity among developers. Its scalability, speed, and ease of use make it an ideal choice for building a wide range of applications, from real-time applications to serverless applications. With its large and active community, Node.js is likely to remain a popular choice among developers for years to come.