Product management glosary


Product Management Glossary: Product

What is Product?

A product is a tangible or intangible item or service that is created, developed, and offered by a company to meet the needs and desires of its customers. Products can be physical goods, digital products, or services that provide value to customers and generate revenue for the company. In the context of product management, a product is the result of a series of processes, decisions, and strategies aimed at creating and delivering value to customers and achieving business objectives.

Types of Products

Products can be classified into various categories based on their characteristics, target customers, and the way they are delivered. Some common types of products include:

  • Physical goods: Tangible items that customers can touch, feel, and use, such as clothing, electronics, and furniture.
  • Digital products: Intangible items that are delivered and consumed electronically, such as software, mobile apps, and e-books.
  • Services: Activities performed by a company or an individual to meet a customer's needs, such as consulting, training, and maintenance.
  • Experiences: Events or activities that provide customers with memorable and engaging experiences, such as concerts, vacations, and workshops.

Product Lifecycle

A product goes through various stages during its lifecycle, from conception to discontinuation. These stages include:

  1. Idea generation: Identifying potential product ideas based on market research, customer feedback, and internal brainstorming.
  2. Concept development: Evaluating and refining product ideas to determine their feasibility, market potential, and alignment with the company's goals.
  3. Design and development: Creating detailed specifications, prototypes, and plans for the product, and developing the final version based on feedback and testing.
  4. Launch and marketing: Introducing the product to the market, promoting it to target customers, and managing its distribution and sales.
  5. Growth and maturity: Managing the product's growth, optimizing its features and performance, and maintaining its competitiveness in the market.
  6. Decline and discontinuation: Identifying when the product is no longer viable or profitable, and deciding whether to update, replace, or discontinue it.

Product Management

Product management is the discipline of guiding a product through its lifecycle, from idea generation to discontinuation. Product managers are responsible for defining the product's vision, strategy, and roadmap, as well as coordinating the efforts of various teams, such as design, development, marketing, and sales, to ensure the product's success in the market. Key activities in product management include:

  • Conducting market research and customer analysis to identify opportunities and trends.
  • Defining the product's target audience, value proposition, and unique selling points.
  • Creating and prioritizing product requirements and features based on customer needs and business objectives.
  • Developing and managing the product roadmap, which outlines the planned evolution of the product over time.
  • Collaborating with cross-functional teams to ensure the product is designed, developed, and launched on time and within budget.
  • Monitoring and analyzing product performance, customer feedback, and market trends to inform product decisions and improvements.


In summary, a product is an item or service created by a company to meet customer needs and generate revenue. Product management is the discipline of guiding a product through its lifecycle, ensuring it delivers value to customers and achieves business objectives. By understanding the different types of products, their lifecycle stages, and the role of product management, companies can create and deliver successful products that meet the needs of their customers and drive business growth.