Product management glosary

Requirements Analysis

Product Management Glossary: Requirements Analysis

What is Requirements Analysis?

Requirements Analysis is a critical process in product management that involves identifying, documenting, and validating the needs and expectations of stakeholders for a new or existing product. This process helps to ensure that the product meets the intended purpose and satisfies the needs of its users. Requirements Analysis is an essential step in the product development lifecycle, as it helps to establish a clear understanding of the product's goals, scope, and functionality.

Why is Requirements Analysis important?

Requirements Analysis is crucial for several reasons:

  • Clarifying expectations: It helps to establish a common understanding of the product's goals and objectives among all stakeholders, including the product team, customers, and other internal and external parties.
  • Reducing risks: By identifying and addressing potential issues early in the development process, Requirements Analysis helps to minimize the risk of costly changes and rework later in the project.
  • Improving quality: A thorough Requirements Analysis process ensures that the product is designed and built to meet the needs of its users, resulting in a higher-quality product that delivers value to customers.
  • Facilitating communication: The documentation created during Requirements Analysis serves as a reference for all team members, helping to improve communication and collaboration throughout the product development process.

Key steps in Requirements Analysis

There are several key steps involved in conducting a successful Requirements Analysis:

  1. Identify stakeholders: Determine who will be impacted by the product and who has a vested interest in its success. This may include customers, end-users, internal teams, and external partners.
  2. Gather requirements: Collect information about the needs, expectations, and constraints of the stakeholders through various methods such as interviews, surveys, workshops, and market research.
  3. Document requirements: Create a clear and concise record of the gathered requirements, typically in the form of a requirements document or a product requirements document (PRD).
  4. Analyze and prioritize requirements: Assess the feasibility, importance, and priority of each requirement, taking into consideration factors such as cost, time, and resources.
  5. Validate requirements: Ensure that the documented requirements accurately reflect the needs and expectations of the stakeholders by reviewing and confirming them with the stakeholders themselves.
  6. Manage changes: Establish a process for handling changes to requirements throughout the product development lifecycle, including updating documentation and communicating changes to relevant stakeholders.

Challenges in Requirements Analysis

Requirements Analysis can be a complex and challenging process, with several potential pitfalls:

  • Incomplete or unclear requirements: If the gathered requirements are not comprehensive or well-defined, it can lead to misunderstandings and misaligned expectations among stakeholders.
  • Changing requirements: Requirements may change over time due to evolving market conditions, customer needs, or other factors, making it difficult to maintain a stable and accurate set of requirements.
  • Conflicting requirements: Different stakeholders may have conflicting needs or expectations, which can be challenging to reconcile and prioritize.
  • Resource constraints: Time, budget, and personnel constraints can make it difficult to conduct a thorough Requirements Analysis and manage changes effectively.


Requirements Analysis is a critical process in product management that helps to ensure the successful development and delivery of a product that meets the needs and expectations of its stakeholders. By carefully identifying, documenting, and validating requirements, product managers can reduce risks, improve product quality, and facilitate better communication and collaboration throughout the product development lifecycle.