Product management glosary


What is Scrumban?

Scrumban is a hybrid agile project management framework that combines the best practices of Scrum and Kanban. It is designed to help teams improve their efficiency, flexibility, and productivity in delivering high-quality products. Scrumban is particularly useful for teams that are transitioning from a traditional waterfall approach to an agile methodology or for teams that are looking for a more adaptable and responsive way to manage their work.

Understanding Scrum and Kanban

Before diving into Scrumban, it's essential to understand the two methodologies it combines: Scrum and Kanban.

Scrum is an iterative and incremental agile project management framework that focuses on delivering small, valuable increments of a product within fixed timeframes called sprints. Scrum emphasizes collaboration, adaptability, and continuous improvement. The Scrum framework includes roles (Product Owner, Scrum Master, and Development Team), artifacts (Product Backlog, Sprint Backlog, and Increment), and events (Sprint Planning, Daily Scrum, Sprint Review, and Sprint Retrospective).

Kanban is a visual workflow management system that emphasizes continuous delivery and minimizing work in progress (WIP). It is based on the principles of lean manufacturing and just-in-time (JIT) production. Kanban uses a visual board with columns representing different stages of the workflow and cards representing individual work items. The team moves the cards across the board as they progress through the workflow. Kanban focuses on optimizing the flow of work and reducing bottlenecks, enabling teams to deliver value to customers more quickly and efficiently.

Key Components of Scrumban

Scrumban combines the structure and iterative approach of Scrum with the flexibility and visualization of Kanban. Here are some of the key components of Scrumban:

  • Visual Workflow Management: Like Kanban, Scrumban uses a visual board to represent the workflow and track the progress of work items. This helps teams identify bottlenecks, optimize the flow of work, and improve overall efficiency.
  • Flexible Planning: Scrumban allows for more flexible planning than Scrum. While Scrum requires teams to commit to a fixed set of work items for each sprint, Scrumban allows teams to pull new work items into the workflow as they complete existing tasks. This enables teams to respond more quickly to changing priorities and customer needs.
  • Iterative Development: Like Scrum, Scrumban emphasizes iterative development and continuous improvement. Teams regularly review their work and processes to identify areas for improvement and adjust their approach accordingly.
  • Roles and Responsibilities: Scrumban incorporates the roles of Scrum, such as the Product Owner, Scrum Master, and Development Team. However, the responsibilities of these roles may be adapted to better suit the team's needs and workflow.
  • Work-in-Progress (WIP) Limits: Scrumban introduces WIP limits, a concept from Kanban, to help teams manage their workload and prevent bottlenecks. By limiting the number of work items in progress at any given time, teams can focus on completing tasks more efficiently and delivering value more quickly.

Benefits of Scrumban

Scrumban offers several benefits for teams looking to improve their project management approach:

  • Increased Flexibility: Scrumban allows teams to adapt their workflow and priorities more easily than Scrum, enabling them to respond more quickly to changing customer needs and market conditions.
  • Improved Efficiency: By combining the iterative approach of Scrum with the visualization and WIP limits of Kanban, Scrumban helps teams optimize their workflow, reduce bottlenecks, and deliver value more quickly.
  • Better Collaboration: The visual nature of the Scrumban board and the emphasis on continuous improvement foster greater collaboration and communication among team members.
  • Smooth Transition to Agile: For teams transitioning from a traditional waterfall approach to an agile methodology, Scrumban can provide a more gradual and manageable shift, allowing them to adopt agile practices at their own pace.


Scrumban is a powerful project management framework that combines the best practices of Scrum and Kanban. By offering increased flexibility, improved efficiency, and better collaboration, Scrumban can help teams deliver high-quality products more quickly and effectively. Whether you're transitioning to agile or looking for a more adaptable approach to managing your work, Scrumban may be the right solution for your team.