Product management glosary


What is Trade-Offs?


Trade-offs are a common concept in product management. It refers to the process of choosing between two or more options, where selecting one option means sacrificing the benefits of the other. In other words, trade-offs are the decisions made when you have to give up something to gain something else.

Importance of Trade-Offs in Product Management

Product managers are responsible for making trade-offs every day. They have to balance the needs of the customers, the company, and the stakeholders. They have to decide what features to include in the product, what resources to allocate, and what risks to take. Trade-offs are essential in product management because they help product managers make informed decisions that align with the company's goals and objectives.

Examples of Trade-Offs in Product Management

Here are some examples of trade-offs in product management:
  • Feature vs. Time: Product managers have to decide whether to include more features in the product or launch it quickly. Including more features may take more time, while launching quickly may mean sacrificing some features.
  • Quality vs. Cost: Product managers have to decide whether to invest in high-quality materials or reduce costs. High-quality materials may increase the product's price, while reducing costs may affect the product's quality.
  • Scope vs. Resources: Product managers have to decide whether to expand the product's scope or allocate resources to other projects. Expanding the product's scope may require more resources, while allocating resources to other projects may limit the product's scope.


Trade-offs are an essential part of product management. Product managers have to make trade-offs every day to ensure that the product aligns with the company's goals and objectives. By understanding the trade-offs, product managers can make informed decisions that benefit the company, the customers, and the stakeholders.